Diseases

Complex minimally invasive heart procedures

Myocardial infarction
It is a type of Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD), that is, a disease caused by the deterioration and obstruction of the arteries of the heart (coronary arteriosclerosis). It occurs due to the accumulation of cholesterol plaques, lipids (fats) and inflammatory cells on the walls of these arteries.

Angina pectoris
It is a pain or discomfort in the chest that is felt when there is not enough blood supply to the heart muscle. This heart muscle needs the oxygen that the blood carries. Angina can feel like pressure or squeezing pain in the chest. It can resemble indigestion.

Atrial fibrillation and arrhythmias
Atrial fibrillation is the most common type of arrhythmia caused by a problem in the heart’s electrical system. An arrhythmia is a problem with the speed or rhythm of the heartbeat. This can lead to an increased risk of stroke.

Arterial hypertension
Hypertension is the term used to describe high blood pressure. Blood pressure is a measurement of the force exerted against the walls of your arteries as your heart pumps blood through your body.

Adult congenital heart disease
It is a problem with the structure and function of the heart. Congenital heart disease can describe many different problems that affect the heart. Adult patients with congenital heart disease represent a small percentage of all heart transplant patients

Ischemic heart disease
It occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become partially or completely blocked, preventing blood flow. As if they were clogged pipes, causing the fluid to not reach correctly, in this case, to different areas of the heart.

Coronary heart disease
It occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle harden and narrow. This is due to the buildup of cholesterol and other materials called plaque on the inner layer of the artery walls.

Peripheral vascular disease
It happens when there is a narrowing of the blood vessels outside the heart. The cause of this disease is arteriosclerosis. This happens when plaque builds up on the walls of the arteries that supply blood to the arms and legs.

Pulmonary thromboembolism
The thrombus (or clot) forms in the veins of the lower limbs and migrates to the pulmonary artery. Less frequently it may be air (gas embolus) or fat (fat embolus). This occlusion mainly affects the lungs and the heart.

Diseases of the pericardium
It is a membrane, or sac, that surrounds the heart. It holds the heart in place and helps it work properly. Problems with the pericardium include pericarditis, pericardial effusion, and cardiac tamponade.

Heart failure
This is a condition in which the heart can no longer pump oxygen-rich blood to the rest of the body efficiently. This causes symptoms throughout the body. Heart failure is usually a chronic (long-term) condition

Bradyarrhythmias
They consist of frequent clinical observation and include various rhythm disturbances, such as sinus node dysfunction and atrioventricular conduction disturbances. The manner of clinical presentation varies between asymptomatic electrocardiographic signs.

Tachyarrhythmias
It consists of an arrhythmia with heart rates greater than 100 bpm, which in turn are divided into supraventricular and ventricular. It is rare, although it can sometimes be distressing, especially if it is a sudden onset that compromises the patient’s life.

Cardiomyopathies
This is a disease of the abnormal heart muscle in which the heart muscle is weakened, dilated, or has another structural problem. It often contributes to the inability of the heart to pump or function well.

Endocarditis
It is an inflammation of the inner membrane of the heart. The most common type, bacterial endocarditis, occurs when germs enter the heart. These germs travel through the blood from another part of the body, often from the mouth.

Heart valve diseases
The heart has four valves that keep blood flowing in the right direction. In some cases, one or more of the valves don’t open or close properly, cutting off blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body.

  • Aortic: separates the left ventricle from the aorta
  • Mitral: separates the left atrium from the left ventricle.
  • Tricuspid: separates the right atrium from the right ventricle.
  • Pulmonary: separates the right ventricle from the pulmonary artery.

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